Health Lifestyle & Health

How Do Dental Curettes Contribute Towards Better Oral Health?

Written by Christina Jones

The essential requirements in maintaining perfect oral health are regular oral examination and timely removal of unwanted plaque buildup. Also known as Tatar and calculus from the external and internal gingival surface. Furthermore, it also helps the dentists in smoothing out the root surface. Dental curettes and scalers have played a vital role in preventing and treating many dental diseases such as periodontitis. To effectively use these instruments mentioned above, they need to be kept in optimum condition.

How Does Curette More Effective Than Other Tools?

There are a lot of different instruments that the expert can choose to provide effective treatment. However, two normally preferred tools are a curette and a scaler. There are two significant differences between the scalers and the curettes. One is in design, and the other is in the size of the instrument. The blades of most of the curette follow the semicircle pattern.

On the other hand, scalers have blades with a triangular cross section. A curette shaped like a spoon easily accesses the periodontal pockets without causing any damage to the surrounding tissues. However, with scalers, it can be slightly tricky. Hence, curette can significantly improve the chances of complete and efficient removal of gum plaque.

Furthermore, we will discuss two main categories of this curette instrument:

Categories of  Dental Curettes

Curettes have many different variations. However, they come in two main categories:

  • Universal Curette
  • Gracey Curette

Universal Curette:

Several different factors contribute to the makeup of universal curette. Firstly, its universal nature allows it to be easily adapted to work on different tooth surfaces, regardless of their size and shape. Secondly, it has a blade at an angle of 90 degrees to the shank. Thirdly it has two cutting edges on each working end. Lastly, the cutting edges are straight and parallel.

Gracey Curette:

It has few different features than that of the universal dental curettes. Such as, its blade is at an angle of 70 degrees to the shank, and it has only one cutting edge. Furthermore, this curette is an area-specific tool, which means it can only be functional for a particular tooth surface. This tool comes with a complete set to cater to different tooth surfaces. Moreover, its cutting edge is round for the protection of surrounding tissues.

Both universal and Gracey curette have many different variations. However, some of them are as follow:

Columbia Curette:

It consists of two cutting edges parallel to each other and perpendicular to the shank. Furthermore, both the edges can be used alternatively by tilting the instrument side to side.

Furcation Curettes:

This curette helps cater to the furcation area’s defects. It is an anatomical area, which refers to the point of the division of roots. One of the basic facts of furcation is that it only happens to the tooth with two roots.

Gracey Curette – 5/6:

This variation of grace curette can be effective for all surfaces of anterior teeth and premolars. It is lighter in weight and more comfortable to manoeuvre.

Gracey Curette – 7/8:

It is also another variation of grace curette that effectively caters to both the molar and premolar surfaces. Furthermore, it also possesses the versatility for treating the lingual and buccal surfaces.

Miller Surgical Curettes:

These curettes are one of the types of universal curette with the same bending angle to the shank. This instrument is also known as a debridement curette because it is beneficial in debriding the root socket. Furthermore, It is also quite helpful in removing the cyst from the roots. 

How to Use the Curette Effectively?

There are different techniques to use this instrument. One of the ways to use it is as follow:

Grasp the tool like a pen and position the tool’s cutting edge against the working surface. Furthermore, make sure the shank is parallel to the longitudinal axis of the tooth surface. Start by applying the lateral pressure and removing the calculus using vertical, horizontal, and diagonal pull strokes.

How to Properly Maintain the Instrument?

The instrument should be kept sharp for all procedures. Make sure to sharpen the instrument with the correct technique regularly. That involves keeping the cutting edge at the precise right angle to the sharpening stone. If the correct angle is not maintained, damage to the blade can occur.


Dental Curettes are truly versatile instruments. In expert hands, it can contribute towards bringing an even brighter smile on the faces of the patients. With regular maintenance, it can remain functional and sharp for years. We at GerDentUSA manufacture all different varieties of the curette instrument. We produce all our tools using only German forged stainless steel. Whose durability and effectiveness have no match. We also offer specialized customization, keeping in mind the requirements of the professionals.

About the author

Christina Jones

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